Appraisals are done to evaluate the overall performance of the employees of an organisation. This is done to measure the employee’s achievements and behavior. The appraisals are reviewed by the manager where he tends to seek the strength and weakness of the employee and areas where he/she can improve.
What Is the Purpose of the Appraisal?
Appraisals help the manager of the organisation to assess which of the employees working are performers and non-performers. It is usually performed to estimate the worth of an employee. There are various types of appraisals that are done by an organisation. Some occur quarterly, some annually and some go on throughout the year.
Types of Appraisal:
- General Appraisal:
This type of appraisal is self-explanatory. It is an ongoing conversation that a manager has with his employee throughout the year. Towards the end of the year, the pre-set goals and goals achieved are matched. They tell a lot about the employee being a performer or not.
- Employee Self-Assessment:
In this type of appraisal, the employee first assesses himself/herself and the assessment sheet is compared with the appraisal submitted by the manager. This is followed by a discussion and if differences are observed, the manager has to be vocal about it towards the end.
- Technological Performance:
Here, the Appraisal is based on the technological capabilities of the employee. It is observed whether the employee is technically sound or not.
In such appraisal type, the emotional stability, emotional quotient and intellect apart along with other psychological traits of an employee are assessed. This helps to manage and place the employee in an appropriate project.
- 360 degree:
In this appraisal type, the complete profile of the employee is assessed. A review is conducted by the manager, project leader, supervisor, team members or anyone who is directly linked to the employee. This helps the organisation to collect in-depth information about the employee.
- Management by Objective:
Here, the management skills of the employee are assessed. The manager and the employee set up a target with a deadline which has to be met by the employee and it should be reported time-to-time. With this type of appraisal, the success or failure of a project associated with an employee is assessed.
- Paired Comparison:
In paired comparison, every employee with every other employee is compared on the grounds of deadlines, target met, behaviour, emotional quotient, technical education and intellect. This is considered to be one of the best appraisal types where only one employee has to be promoted. Then the comparison done is fair for all the employees working for the organisation.
Based on the reviews received by the manager, the employee is put on training if he/she lacks the specific skills needed to complete the tasks. Also, appraisals help to analyse what went wrong and how things could be better in future. Accordingly, the employee is also promoted. Hence it is advisable to take appraisals seriously!